If I am asked to answer in one word, the answer will be – Python.
The answer is not simple. Let’s dive in.
There are actually many programming languages on the list to compare now let us arrange them in the order of thier use and community :
Java : Write once, Run everywhere
Java : Java is unmatched language in terms of cross platform compatibility, Java is excellent in terms of performance if compared to all the languages in the above list. It is way faster than Python,PHP and NodeJs. but it has seen a decrease in popularity in recent years (according to https://pypl.github.io/PYPL.html It is based on how often a tutorial is searched on google) despite such reasons java is still beginner friendly and its large community is available to help anytime.
C/C++ : The mother of all languages
C / C++ : These two are evergreen and are still in demand and will always be. There is nothing that C/C++ cannot do but there are many things that are only possible with c/c++.
Firstly, C and C++ are two different languages. C being more close to the hardware is relatively difficult and C++ being object oriented comparetively easy. they are not used as much as PHP or Python but when it comes to performance they surpass by far. Many Major languages like java, python and PHP are written in C. The use of c and c++ is now a days limited to gaming and high-end applications or hardware specific coding but it is still used as web, desktop or system programming. As a biginner, It is going to be very helpful.
Python : Master of all, jack of none.
Python : Python is easy to start language because it is lightweight, easy to setup and has a large community to help. Many tutorial claim that its easy because its syntax is easy, which is not true. We don’t learn a language because of its syntax.Yes it is simple to write many program in python because of its rich libraries and large community that is always making it better.
You can do almost anything with python, you can code for desktop applications, hardware, web or Artificial Intelligence. Python developers recieve higher salary compared to PHP or Java.Python is free, open source, cross platform, secure and widely supported. If you wish to code for Artificial Intelligence, python is a goog idea. Python is suitable for beginners as well as for those who want to learn something new
PHP : Language of the web
PHP : If anything is easy in the world of programming, its PHP. Around 79% of total websites are using PHP. PHP stands for Hypertext preprocessor. It is a server side language. PHP became so popular that you can not imagine internet without it. It gives unlimited independence to the developer, you can code in any way you want to, you can write an entire dabase management system in one page (For example : Adminer).
PHP has seen a slight decrease in its popularity in last few years due to its performance for large projects, It is slower than Java and Python. But Java is not a competition, the competition is with Python’s Django whose performance is better and it is way more secure.
The conclusion :
|Python Pros||Python Cons|
|Extended Support for Library||Mobile development is not impressive in python|
|Extensible (Integrates easily with other languages )||Despite being open source, there is no commercial support point.|
|Simple, Easy and readable||Since Python is dynamic, more errors show at run-time.|
|IoT and Artificial Intelligence opportunities||Slower compared to Java and C/C++|
The answer why one should learn Python is because java and PHP have shown a decrease in popularity. C/C++ are important for system, hardware or gaming but otherwise rarely used. Python on the other hand, can be useful for anything – web, desktop, hardware and Artificial Intelligence and yet simpler than Java and C++ . There are more carrier opportunites in Python as compared to any other language.
– Opinion based on surveys and personal experience of the author